Copeptin plus troponin in the rapid rule out of acute myocardial infarction and prognostic value on post-myocardial infarction outcomes: a systematic review and diagnostic accuracy study


Internal Medicine

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Heart and Vessels


BACKGROUND: A critical and unmet therapeutic need is the prompt and reliable exclusion of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), which would allow for prompt discharge from the emergency department. High-sensitivity troponin (HS-TnT) combined with copeptin has been proposed to expedite the diagnostic exclusion of AMI in addition to its predictive usefulness in the intermediate and long-term outcomes of AMI. The European Society of Cardiology recommends the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) as a prognostic score to manage acute coronary syndrome (ACS) without ST segment elevation. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of HS-TnT combined with copeptin in ruling out AMI compared to HS-TnT alone. By combining a low GRACE score (108) with negative HS-TnT (14 ng/L) and copeptin (14 pmol/L), non-ST and ACS were reliably ruled out, including non-ST segment elevation MI and unstable angina.

RESULTS: The present research included nine studies with a total of 13,232 participants. The negative predictive value (NPV) for copeptin and HS-TnT was found to be slightly higher in combination (62-99%) than for HS-TnT alone (60-99%). The sensitivity of copeptin ranged from 0% to 100%, with a pooled sensitivity of 0.79 (CI 95% 0.76, 0.82). The specificity of copeptin ranged from 13% to 100%, with a pooled specificity of 0.89 (CI 95% 0.85, 0.91), a pooled positive likelihood ratio (PLR) of 9.86 (CI 95% 4.42, 22.02), and a pooled negative likelihood ratio (NLR) of 0.08. (95% CI 0.01, 0.44).

CONCLUSIONS: The use of combined negative copeptin and highly sensitive troponin testing in low-to-intermediate risk patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome resulted in a quick discharge with a safe and rapid rule out of non-ST + ACS.

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Record updated with published article citation 2023-01-12 LB.

Published online ahead of print 2022-07-06.

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