Robotic-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy: Techniques to Improve Clinical Outcomes
Current Urology Reports
Purpose of Review: To summarize current options available for robot-assisted partial nephrectomy Recent Findings: Partial nephrectomy (PN) is a standard treatment option for management of cT1 renal masses. It may be carried out by multiple approaches. Robot-assisted (RA) PN is one such option. The goal of treatment is both correct oncological (negative surgical margins) and functional (preservation of sufficient amount of renal parenchyma of the operated kidney) outcome. Appropriate outcomes depend on multiple factors. There are many, but among others tumor characteristics (size, location, i.e., tumor complexity), patient baseline renal function, patient comorbidities, and performance status etc. Based on all these, the surgeon adapts the intervention for each mass/patient by preoperative planning, absence/use/duration of warm or cold ischemia, perioperative imaging, resection technique adapted to tumor location and depth of invasion, use of hemostatics, type and degree of renal parenchymal closure and others details. Nephroprotective agents have not shown efficacy so far. It should not be forgotten that surgeon’s experience plays a key role in the achievement of good results. Summary: Although multiple factors have a role in the RA partial nephrectomy, surgeon experience and adaptation of technique of intervention have the crucial role in the achievement of both functional and oncological results.
Macek, P., Cathelineau, X., Barbe, Y., Sanchez-Salas, R., & Rodriguez, A. (2021). Robotic-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy: Techniques to Improve Clinical Outcomes. Current Urology Reports, 22 (10) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11934-021-01068-4