Conservative management of a cervical ligamentum flavum hematoma: Case report
Surgical neurology international
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous epidural hematoma arising from the ligamentum flavum is a rare cause of acute spinal cord compression. There are only four reports in the cervical spine literature, and all were managed with surgery. Here, we describe an acute case of a spontaneous epidural hematoma arising from the ligamentum flavum in the cervical spine successfully managed without surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 69-year-old woman with a cervical spine epidural hematoma contained within the ligamentum flavum presented with paroxysmal neck pain and stiffness without a history of trauma. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a posterolateral epidural hematoma contained within the ligamentum flavum. As the patient was intact, she was managed conservatively with cervical orthosis. Three months later, she was symptom-free, and the hematoma resolved on the follow-up MRI study. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous epidural hematoma arising from ligamentum flavum is a rare cause of spinal cord compression. Previous reports have described success with surgical decompression. However, initial observation and conservative management may be successful as illustrated in this case.
Algattas, Hanna; Kimmell, Kristopher T.; Petraglia, Anthony L.; and Maurer, Paul K., "Conservative management of a cervical ligamentum flavum hematoma: Case report" (2016). Rochester Regional Health authored publications and proceedings. 392.