Does cardiac rehabilitation improve patient emotional well-being and illness perception
Background: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs promote lifestyle modification to improve prognosis in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, the effect of CR on patients’ perceived emotional well-being and illness perception has not been fully studied. Methods and Results: Two arms were used in this study. Arm 1 enrolled new CR participants and Arm 2 enrolled existing CR participants. Three validated questionnaires were employed. ANOVA and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to compare differences between the groups. A total of 238 patients were enrolled from July 1 to December 31, 2015 with 131 patients (55%) in Arm 1 and 107 (45%) in Arm 2. Statistically significant differences of illness perception were seen between the groups. Arm 1 patients had statistically significant improvements in illness perception, perceived emotional support, and depression after CR. Conclusions: CR participation is associated with improved illness perception, perceived emotional support, and decreased depression.
Bailey, Simone; Dilello, Lauren C.; Lobraico, Jessika; Afanaseva, Tatiana; Leaden, Molly; Smallidge, Michele; Sedghi, Tannaz; Petrini, Joann R.; Alexander, Jonathan; and Keller, Andrew, "Does cardiac rehabilitation improve patient emotional well-being and illness perception" (2019). Rochester Regional Health authored publications and proceedings. 261.