The Clinical Potential of Circulating Immune Cell Counts in Primary Gastric Lymphoma


Internal Medicine

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Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology


Background: High neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is linked to poor overall survival (OS) in gastrointestinal tract cancers. This study explores the clinical value of NLR, in addition to absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) and other hematologic parameters in association with distant metastases and OS in primary gastric lymphoma (PGL) patients.

Methods: Clinical data of 139 PGL patients who received treatment at King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC), Amman-Jordan were retrospectively evaluated. Using data from complete blood count (CBC) tests, the following hematologic parameters: absolute neutrophil count (ANC), ALC, absolute eosinophil count (AEC), absolute monocyte count (AMC), NLR, platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) were assessed in association with the following clinical outcomes: presence or absence of baseline distant metastases and OS. We conducted univariate and multivariate analyses assessing the various hematologic parameters in association with distant metastases.

Results: Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that patients with an elevated NLR (>3.14) displayed more baseline distant metastases compared to patients with a low NLR (≤3.14), (P value: 0.02 and 0.018, respectively). High baseline ALC (>1,819/µL) was associated with lower baseline distant metastases (P value: 0.04). In the OS analysis, high baseline ANC (>5,100/µL), NLR (>2.75), and PLR (>0.16) were associated with poor OS, (P value: 0.027, 0.016, and 0.011 respectively).

Conclusions: High NLR and ALC were associated with baseline distant metastases. High baseline ANC, NLR, and PLR were associated with poor OS. Hematologic parameters might be potentially helpful in assessing and correlating NLR with the response success to treatment in PGL.



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