Systematic review and meta-analysis of cold snare polypectomy and hot snare polypectomy for colorectal polyps
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Background and aim: Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) has become increasingly utilized to resect colorectal polyps, given its efficacy and safety. This study aims to compare CSP and hot snare polypectomy (HSP) for resecting small (< 10 mm) and large (10-20 mm) colorectal lesions.
Methods: Relevant publications were obtained from Cochrane Library, Embase, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. The publication search was limited by English-language and human studies. Pooled mean difference and odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for outcomes of interest.
Results: Twenty-three studies were included in this meta-analysis. Pooled OR of delayed post-polypectomy bleeding (DPPB) in the CSP group versus the HSP group was 0.29 (P = 0.0001, I2 = 29%). Subgroup analysis according to lesion size showed a significant reduction in the DPPB rate in lesion sizes 10-20 mm (pooled OR 0.08, P = 0.003, I2 = 0%) and < 10 mm (pooled OR 0.35, P = 0.001, I2 = 27%). Pooled OR of major bleeding in the CSP group was 0.23 (P = 0.0004, I2 = 0%). Subgroup analysis by lesion size revealed a significant decrease in the rate of major bleeding in the CSP group for both lesion sizes 10-20 mm (pooled OR 0.11, P = 0.04) and < 10 mm (pooled OR 0.26, P = 0.003). Complete resection, en bloc resection, and recurrence rate were comparable in the two groups.
Conclusions: Cold snare polypectomy was associated with a lower rate of DPPB and lower risk of major bleeding compared with HSP in both small and large polyps. CSP should be considered as the polypectomy technique of choice for colorectal polyps.
Blackwell Scientific Publications
Niu, C., Bapaye, J., Zhang, J., Liu, H., Zhu, K., Farooq, U., Zahid, S., Chathuranga, D., & Okolo, P. I. (2023). Systematic review and meta-analysis of cold snare polypectomy and hot snare polypectomy for colorectal polyps. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 38 (9), 1458-1467. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgh.16312