Trends in Colorectal Cancer Mortality in the United States, 1999 - 2020
BACKGROUND: The United States faces a significant public health issue with colorectal cancer (CRC), which remains the third leading cause of cancer-related fatalities despite early diagnosis and treatment progress.
METHODS: This investigation utilized death certificate data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging OnLine Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER) database to investigate trends in CRC mortality and location of death from 1999 to 2020. Additionally, the study utilized the annual percent change (APC) to estimate the average annual rate of change over the specific time period for the given health outcome. Incorporating the location of death in this study served the purpose of identifying patterns related to CRC and offering valuable insights into the specific locations where deaths occurred.
RESULTS: Between 1999 and 2020, there were 1,166,158 CRC-related deaths. The age-adjusted mortality rates (AAMRs) for CRC consistently declined from 20.7 in 1999 to 12.5 in 2020. Men had higher AAMR (18.8) than women (13.4) throughout the study. Black or African American patients had the highest AAMR (21.1), followed by White (15.4), Hispanic/Latino (11.8), American Indian or Alaska native (11.4), and Asian or Pacific Islanders (10.2). The location of death varied, with 41.99% at home, 28.16% in medical facilities, 16.6% in nursing homes/long-term care facilities, 7.43% in hospices, and 5.80% at other/unknown places.
CONCLUSION: There has been an overall improvement in AAMR among most ethnic groups, but an increase in AAMR has been observed among white individuals below the age of 55. Notably, over one-quarter of CRC-related deaths occur in medical facilities.
Kusnik, A., Mannumbeth Renjithlal, S. L., Chodos, A., Chetana Shanmukhappa, S., Eid, M. M., Renjith, K. M., & Alweis, R. (2023). Trends in Colorectal Cancer Mortality in the United States, 1999 - 2020. Gastroenterology Research, 16 (4), 217-225. https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1631