Trends and Outcomes of Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Repair and Surgical Tricuspid Valve Repair in Patients With Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation; A Population Based Study
Current Problems in Cardiology
Data on clinical outcomes of transcatheter tricuspid valve repair (TTVR) compared with surgical tricuspid valve repair (STVR) in patients with tricuspid valve regurgitation (TVR) remains limited. Data from the national inpatient sample (2016-2020) and propensity-score matched (PSM) analysis was utilized to determine adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of inpatient mortality and major clinical outcomes of TTVR compated with STVR in patients with TVR. A total of 37,115 patients with TVR were included: 1830 (4.9%) and 35,285 (95.1%) underwent TTVR and STVR, respectively. After PSM, there was no statistically significant difference in baseline characteristics and medical comorbidities between both groups. Compared with STVR, TTVR was associated with lower inpatient mortality (aOR 0.43 [0.31-0.59], P < 0.01), cardiovascular complications (aOR 0.47 [0.3-0.45], P < 0.01), hemodynamic complications (aOR 0.47 [0.4-0.55], P < 0.01), infectious complications (aOR 0.44 [0.34-0.57], P < 0.01), renal complications (aOR 0.56 [0.45-0.64], P < 0.01), and need for blood transfusion. There was no statistically significant difference in odds of major bleeding events (aOR 0.92 [0.64-1.45], P 0.84). Also, TTVR was associated with less mean length of stay (7 days vs 15 days, P < 0.01) and less cost of hospitalization ($59,921 vs $89,618) compared with STVR. There was an increase in the utility of TTVR associated with a decrease in the utility of STVR from 2016 to 2020 (P < 0.01). Our study showed that compared with STVR, TTVR was associated with lower inpatient mortality and clinical events. Nevertheless, further studies are needed to investigate the difference in outcomes between both procedures.
Mohamed, M. S., Al Ali, O., Hashem, A., Abdelhay, A., Khalouf, A., Mahmoud, A., Shehadah, A., Ahmed, A., Elkhapery, A., Alwifati, N., Rai, D., Salama, A., Hussein, A., Khodjaev, S., & Feitell, S. (2023). Trends and Outcomes of Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Repair and Surgical Tricuspid Valve Repair in Patients With Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation; A Population Based Study. Current Problems in Cardiology, 48 (7), 101714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2023.101714