Impact of COVID-19 Infection on the Clinical Outcomes of Pulmonary Embolism Hospitalizations : A Nationwide Analysis
Current Problems in Cardiology
There is an increased risk of venous thromboembolism among patients with COVID-19 infection, with the risk being higher among those needing the intensive level of care. Existing data is, however, limited regarding the outcomes of patients admitted with concurrent COVID-19 infection and pulmonary embolism (PE). All acute PE admissions were identified from the National Inpatient Sample database during 2020 using ICD-10 codes. Patients were subsequently classified into those with and without COVID-19 infection. The primary outcome of interest was in-hospital mortality. Using multivariate logistic regression, the predictors of mortality were assessed for patients with concurrent acute PE and COVID-19. The database query generated 278,840 adult patients with a primary diagnosis of PE. Of these, 4580 patients had concurrent PE and COVID-19 infection. The concurrent PE and COVID-19 infection group had a higher proportion of Black-American and Hispanic patients, and those living in the zip codes associated with the lowest annualized income compared to the PE alone group. Furthermore, patients in the concurrent PE and COVID-19 infection group had an increased risk of in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]:1.62; 95% CI: 1.17-2.24; P = 0.004), septic shock (aOR: 1.66; 95% CI 1.10-2.52; P = 0.016), respiratory failure (aOR: 1.78; 95% CI 1.53-2.06; P = 0.001), and a longer hospital stay [5.5 days vs 4.59 days; P = 0.001). Concurrent COVID-19 and PE admissions is associated with an increased in-hospital mortality, risk of septic shock and respiratory failure, and a longer length of hospital stay.
Safiriyu, I., Fatuyi, M., Mehta, A., Naser, A., Alexander, E., Vovan, H., Shamaki, G. R., & Bob-Manuel, T. (2023). Impact of COVID-19 Infection on the Clinical Outcomes of Pulmonary Embolism Hospitalizations : A Nationwide Analysis. Current Problems in Cardiology, 48 (7), 101669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2023.101669