Title

Exploring the Causal Relationship Between Arterial and Venous Thromboembolism: A Case Series With Review of Literature

Department

Internal Medicine

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Cureus

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs due to venous stasis or low flow state within the blood vessels, resulting in subsequent fibrin and platelet aggregation leading to thrombosis. Arterial thrombosis affects various arteries including coronaries and is primarily due to platelet aggregation with little fibrin deposition leading to thrombosis. Although both arterial and venous thrombosis are considered as separate entities, some studies have suggested an association between them despite having distinctive causative factors. We retrospectively reviewed patients at our institution who were admitted with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and underwent cardiac catheterization over a decade between 2009 and 2020 to look for patients who had both venous thromboembolic events and ACS. Here, we report a case series of three such patients who were found to have both VTE and coronary arterial thrombosis. However, it is unclear if having one of venous vs arterial clot increases the risk of having other vascular conditions, and further studies are needed to evaluate this hypothesis in the near future.

First Page

e37660

DOI

10.7759/cureus.37660

Volume

15

Issue

4

Publication Date

4-1-2023

PubMed ID

37214035

COinS