Cardiovascular Outcomes of Redo-coronary Artery Bypass Graft Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of Index Bypass Grafts Among Acute Coronary Syndrome: Regression Matched National Cohort Study


Internal Medicine

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Current Problems in Cardiology


Procedural and hospital outcomes of Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) among ACS patients with prior history of CABG remains understudied. PCI and CABG formed the 2 comparison cohorts. Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2015 to 2020 were analyzed using the ICD-10 coding system. Demographic characteristics, baseline comorbidities, and outcomes such as inpatient mortality, cardiogenic shock, mechanical circulatory support, length of stay (LOS), and cost of hospitalization were compared between the two cohorts. A total of 503,900 ACS hospitalizations with prior history of CABG were identified who underwent PCI and CABG (141650 vs 7715, respectively). Median age was 71 vs 67, with male predominance (74.6% vs 75.4%), Caucasian had the most hospitalizations (79.3% vs 75.1%) in the PCI group compared to patients who underwent CABG. A higher burden of smoking (57.1% vs 52.6%, P < 0.0001) was noted in the CABG group. On adjusted analysis, ACS patients undergoing Redo- CABG had a higher risk of in-hospital mortality (aOR 1.69, CI 1.53-1.87, P < 0.0001) compared to those undergoing PCI. In addition, Redo-CABG group were more likely to have CS (aOR 1.37, CI 1.26-1.48, P < 0.0001), MCS devices use (aOR 2.61, CI 2.43-2.80, P < 0.0001), AKI (aOR 1.42, CI 1.34-1.50, P < 0.0001) and respiratory failure (aOR 1.39, CI 1.29-1.47, P < 0.0001) as compared to PCI group. CABG in acute myocardial infarction with prior history of CABG is associated with higher cardiovascular complications compared to PCI. Further exploration and individual-patient level risk assessment is crucial.

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