Research Letter: Is the 129S1/SvImJ Mouse Strain More Suitable to Study Anticoagulant-Related Nephropathy Than the C57BL/6 Strain?



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Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease


Background: We have previously demonstrated that excessive anticoagulation with warfarin or dabigatran may result in acute kidney injury with red blood cell (RBC) tubular casts in some patients with chronic kidney disease, and this condition was named anticoagulant-related nephropathy (ARN). 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6NE) rats treated with warfarin or dabigatran reproduce the main pathologic features of human ARN. We had reported that 5/6NE C57BL/6 mice only partially develop ARN with increased serum creatinine and hematuria but no RBC tubular casts in the kidney.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether ARN can develop in 5/6NE 129S1/SvImJ mice.

Methods: 5/6NE was performed in 129S1/SvImJ mice. Three weeks after 5/6NE, mice were treated with warfarin (1.0 and 1.5 mg/kg/day) or vehicle for 7 days. Serum creatinine, hematuria, and prothrombin time (PT) were monitored daily. Renal morphology was evaluated at the end of the studies.

Results: Treatment with warfarin resulted in PT elevation 2 to 3 folds from baseline (1.0 mg/kg/day warfarin) and 4 to 5 folds from baseline (1.5 mg/kg/day warfarin) by day 7. Serum creatinine and hematuria elevated by day 7 in a dose-dependent manner. Histologically, 2 of 8 (25%) 5/6NE mice had RBCs in the tubules, and there was acute tubular epithelial cell injury in all warfarin-treated 5/6NE 129S1/SvImJ mice.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that 129S1/SvImJ mouse strain is a more suitable murine model to study ARN than C57BL/6 mouse strain.

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