Risks and outcomes of hospitalizations in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia admitted with immune thrombocytopenia: an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample Database
Annals of Hematology
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a known autoimmune complication of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Currently, there is limited data regarding the risk CLL confers on hospitalization outcomes in patients admitted with ITP. The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was queried using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes to identify hospitalizations for ITP and then subclassified the data into hospitalizations with and without CLL. A multivariate logistic regression was designed to account for patient characteristics and comorbidities. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes included major bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, intracranial bleeding, and the need for platelet transfusions, intravenous immunoglobulin, and splenectomy. Among 662,171 cases of ITP between 2005 and 2019, 15,672 had concurrent CLL. CLL patients were significantly older and had more comorbidities compared to patients without CLL. Multivariate analysis revealed CLL patients with ITP had a risk of all-cause mortality (odds ratio: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.19-1.37; p < 0.01). CLL patients also had a higher risk of complications, second-line ITP treatments, blood transfusions, and bleeding, with the exception of intracranial hemorrhage. Our study suggests CLL is an independent risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients with ITP. Prospective studies are needed to determine if refractoriness to conventional treatments for ITP can account these results.
Ammad Ud Din, M., Mahmud, A., Mostafa, M., Shahzad, M., Liaqat, H., Pinilla-Ibarz, J., & Jaglal, M. (2023). Risks and outcomes of hospitalizations in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia admitted with immune thrombocytopenia: an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample Database. Annals of Hematology, 102 (4), 889-895. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00277-023-05133-5