Radiation Induced Mucositis: What the Radiologist Needs to Know
Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Radiation induced oral mucositis (RIOM) is a common and debilitating complication of radiation therapy for head and neck cancers. RIOM can lead to oral pain, dysphagia, and reduced oral intake, which can be severe enough to necessitate placement of a feeding tube or utilization of total parenteral nutrition. When severe, RIOM can cause premature termination of radiation therapy and can alter treatment plans leading to suboptimal treatment doses. While patient reporting of RIOM symptoms has been the gold standard of documenting RIOM progression, little has been described in the radiology literature concerning the typical imaging findings of RIOM. Herein, we review the pathophysiology and clinical presentation that underlies the development of RIOM with illustrative cases to highlight the relevant imaging findings related to RIOM for the practicing radiologist.
Rao, Dinesh; Behzadi, Fardad; Le, Rebecca T.; Dagan, Roi; and Fiester, Peter, "Radiation Induced Mucositis: What the Radiologist Needs to Know" (2020). Rochester Regional Health authored publications and proceedings. 148.