A review of the bioelectronic implications of stimulation of the peripheral nervous system for chronic pain conditions
Spine & Pain Medicine
Background: Peripheral Nerve Stimulation has been used to treat human disease including pain for several decades. Innovation has made it a more viable option for treatment of common chronic pain processes, and interest in the therapy is increasing.
Main body: While clinical data is forthcoming, understanding factors that influence successful outcomes in the use of PNS still needs to be delineated. This article reviews the evolution and bioelectronic principles of peripheral nerve stimulation including patient selection, nerve targets, techniques and guidance of target delivery. We collate the current evidence for outcomes and provide recommendations for salient topics in PNS.
Conclusion: Peripheral nerve stimulation has evolved from a surgically invasive procedure to a minimally invasive technique that can be used early in the treatment of peripheral nerve pain. This review identifies and addresses many of the variables which influence the success of PNS in the clinical setting.
Deer, T., Naidu, R., Strand, N., Sparks, D., Abd-Elsayed, A., Kalia, H., Hah, J., Mehta, P., Sayed, D., & Gulati, A. (2020). A review of the bioelectronic implications of stimulation of the peripheral nervous system for chronic pain conditions. Bioelectronic Medicine, 6 https://doi.org/10.1186/s42234-020-00045-5