Intracoronary Eptifibatide During Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Early Versus Late Presenters with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Randomized Trial
Cardiology and Therapy
INTRODUCTION: The role of intracoronary (IC) eptifibatide in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and whether time of patient presentation affects this role are unclear. We sought to evaluate the benefit of IC eptifibatide use during primary PCI in early STEMI presenters compared to late STEMI presenters. METHODS: We included 70 patients who presented with STEMI and were eligible for PPCI. On the basis of symptom-to-door time, patients were classified into two arms: early (< 3 h, n = 34) vs late (≥ 3 h, n = 36) presenters. They were then randomized to local IC eptifibatide infusion vs standard care (control group). The primary end point was post-PCI myocardial blush grade (MBG) in the culprit vessel. Other end points included corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), ST segment resolution (STR) ≥70%, and peak CKMB. RESULTS: In the early presenters arm, no difference was observed in MBG results ≥2 in the IC eptifibatide and control groups (100% vs 82%; p = 0.23). In the late presenters arm, the eptifibatide subgroup was associated with improved MBG ≥2 (100% vs 50%; p = 0.001). IC eptifibatide in both early and late presenters was associated with less cTFC (early presenters 19 vs. 25.6, p = 0.001; late presenters 20 vs. 31.5, p < 0.001) and less peak CKMB (early presenters 210 vs 260 IU/L, p = 0.006; late presenters 228 vs 318 IU/L, p = 0.005) compared with the control group. No difference existed between both groups in STR index in early and late presenters. CONCLUSION: IC eptifibatide might improve the reperfusion markers during PPCI for STEMI patients presenting after 3 h from onset of symptoms. A large randomized study is recommended to ascertain the benefits of IC eptifibatide in late presenters on clinical outcomes.
Elbadawi, A., Gasioch, G., Elgendy, I. Y., Mahmoud, A. N., Ha, L. D., Ashry, H. A., Shahin, H., Hamza, M. A., Abuzaid, A. S., & Saad, M. (2016). Intracoronary Eptifibatide During Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Early Versus Late Presenters with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Randomized Trial. Cardiology and Therapy, 5 (2), 203-213. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40119-016-0073-3